Nut flour Nuts have been present in the diet of people since time immemorial. Due to their wonderful taste, they quickly found a place in the culinary arts of different countries of the world, not only in a "pure" form, but also as the main ingredient in a number of dishes.

So, the most popular among products obtained from nuts is nut flour [1]

General characteristics

Previously, nut flour was considered a waste product from the production of nut butter. However, some time later, in light of the widespread passion for a healthy lifestyle, it became a separate product with a huge list of beneficial properties.

According to whether the raw materials have been pretreated, nut flour is divided into two types: made from roasted nuts, which can be peeled or not, and also made from blanched, unpeeled nuts. The nutritional properties of flour also vary depending on the raw materials used. Also, a product made from blanched raw materials differs in taste from that made from fried kernels.

  • general characteristics
  • Calorie content and chemical composition
  • Useful properties and contraindications
  • Cooking use
  • How to make nut flour
  • Cooking a cake from nut flour
  • Cooking walnut flour cookies

Almost all types of nuts are used for the production of flour. The most widespread product is made from walnuts, almonds, hazelnuts, pistachios and cashews. Some manufacturers also add dried fruit to the product to give it a more expressive taste.

In industrial production, flour is prepared from the cake remaining after the production of nut butter. It is steamed to produce nut flour.

It should be noted that fatty acids, which are found in large quantities in nuts, can rapidly oxidize when exposed to air. So that the quality of the flour does not disappoint you, it is better to cook it yourself and just before using it for baking. So you can be sure of the quality of the product.

Calorie content and chemical composition

Nut flour is a fairly high-calorie product. Its energy value varies depending on which nuts were used, but the indicator is always high. So, for almond flour it is 333 kcal per 100 g of product [2] proteins, 1.8 g of fat and 35.5 g of carbohydrates [3]

The chemical composition of flour also depends on the type of nuts. As a rule, any nut flour is rich in vitamin E - a powerful antioxidant that has a wide range of beneficial properties [4] cholesterol, takes part in collagen synthesis, and prevents the onset of cancer [5]

In addition, the composition contains B vitamins, which largely determine the effectiveness of the functioning of the human nervous system. They also affect energy metabolism and help maintain a stable blood sugar level.

Mineral substances are represented by potassium, calcium, magnesium, selenium, iron and other micro- and macroelements [6] [7]

Useful properties and contraindications

 Vitamins Nut flour is considered one of the most useful raw materials for baked goods. The thing is that it contains a huge amount of natural protein, which is easily absorbed by the body and is especially useful for people recovering from serious illnesses or surgery [8]

  • Contains lecithin, which is responsible for transporting nutrients to nerve cells.
  • Does not contain "bad" cholesterol [9]
  • It is an indispensable product for vegetarians, since it can be compared with meat in amino acid content.
  • Helps in the prevention of fatty liver due to its high choline content. This substance is involved in the synthesis of phospholipids, which are extremely beneficial for the health of the liver and gallbladder [10]
  • Contains a record dose of ascorbic acid. For example, walnut flour contains fifty times more vitamin C than the same amount of lemons.
  • Prevents the development of pathogenic microflora in the intestines due to the content of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
  • Increases the body's resistance, helps to restore strength after physical exertion.
  • Recommended for diseases of the lungs, excretory system, problems with the blood count and digestive system [11] [12]
  • At the same time, nut flour has practically no contraindications, with the exception of individual intolerance.

    Cooking use

    Nut flour is widely used in cooking. Most often it is added to butter dough. As a result, baked goods have a subtle and savory nutty flavor.

    In addition, this product is used as a thickener for sauces and yoghurts, added to salads and cereals as a flavoring agent.

    Finally, it is used as an independent raw material for baking. Thus, almond flour is used to prepare marzipan, the legendary Italian delicacy - Christmas biscotti cookies, as well as macaroni - the most delicate cookies with different tastes.

    How to make nut flour

     Almonds To make almond flour, pour boiling water over the almonds and let sit for a quarter of an hour. After that, fold it in a colander and rinse with cold water. As a result, you can easily peel the nuts off.

    Dry the peeled kernels in the oven at about 100 degrees. This will take about an hour. Be careful not to brown the almonds. Chill dried nuts completely.

    The grinding process can now begin. Grind the kernels in a blender or coffee grinder in small portions. The thing is that with prolonged use, the device heats up. Grind each batch of nuts for thirty seconds. The nuts release oil when exposed to heat. As a result, instead of flour, you may end up with a paste.

    Please note that if the recipe does not require very fine flour grinding, you can grind almonds right away with sugar or powdered sugar.

    Sift the finished flour using a sieve. Large particles can be re-ground.

    Store the finished product in a hermetically sealed container in a dry place for a month.

    Flour from other types of nuts is prepared according to the same principle.

    Cooking a cake from nut flour

    Such a cake is a real decoration of any table and a delicacy that will delight the most discerning gourmet.

    Start creating a dessert by making 350 g hazelnut flour with hazelnuts. Mix it with two teaspoons of baking powder.

    In a bowl, beat six egg yolks with 125 grams of sugar until light golden brown. Pour the yolks into the nut flour.

    Whisk six egg whites in a separate bowl. In small portions, begin transferring the protein mass to the nut base, stirring constantly. Please note that the dough should be completely homogeneous.

    Prepare a baking dish by greasing it with butter and flour. Spread out the nut mass and bake for an hour at 170 degrees. The biscuit can be considered ready when its top becomes bouncy.

    After cooling the biscuit, cut it into cakes. Whipped cream can be used as a cream.

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    Cooking walnut flour cookies

    Beat two eggs with 70 grams of brown sugar until smooth. Then add 200 g of any kind of nut flour to the beaten eggs. Any spices will add a piquant taste to baked goods: cardamom, cinnamon, lemon zest, vanilla essence.

    Roll the dough into balls the size of a small nut. Place them on a baking sheet covered with baking paper and place in the oven for a quarter of an hour. The required temperature regime is 180 ° С. Do not be alarmed if you notice cracks on the surface of the cookies while baking. This is the special "trick" of this dessert: on the outside it is covered with a crispy crust, but inside it is very tender, soft and melts in your mouth.

    Things to know (Q&A)

    What are nut flours?

    Nut flour is essentially ground up nuts that can be used in place of wheat or types of gluten-free flours. Sometimes it is a 1-to-1 replacement ratio but oftentimes less nut flour is needed since it tends to be more dense.

    Is nut flour the same as almond flour?

    Almond meal can be used like any other nut flour , but those who might not be familiar with using nut flours in their daily lives would be wise to consider these points. Almond meal does not contain gluten and is light on starches, so it should be used in conjunction with other flours.

    Are nut flours healthy?

    It's incredibly nutritious and provides many potential health benefits, including a reduced risk of heart disease and improved blood sugar control. Almond flour is also gluten-free, which makes it a great option for those with celiac disease or a wheat intolerance.

    Can you replace flour with nut flour?

    Almond flour can be substituted for regular flour at a 1:1 ratio. It is important to note that almond flour may require more egg to bind the flour. Check out our almond flour recipe book here for more information on a specific recipe!

    What is nut flour made from?

    Nut flours are made from nuts, raw or dried , that have been ground into a fine powdery meal. They can be made from almost any kind of true nut: almond, chestnuts, hazelnut, macadamia, pecans, walnut, etc.

    What can I use instead of nut flour?

    People can use wheat flour to replace almond flour, if it fits with their dietary preferences and needs. Wheat flour and all-purpose flour are higher in carbohydrates than almond flour and are fat-free.

    Can you substitute nut flour for almond flour?

    People also can replace almond flour with other nut flours, such as cashew, macadamia, or walnut flours . If they can't find versions of these flours in grocery stores, they can make their own by grinding unflavored and unsalted nuts in a food processo

    What are nut flours?

    Nut flour is essentially ground up nuts that can be used in place of wheat or types of gluten-free flours. Sometimes it is a 1-to-1 replacement ratio but oftentimes less nut flour is needed since it tends to be more dens

    What is equivalent to almond flour?

    All-purpose Flour

    Instead of almond flour, you can use all-purpose flour. You may use 1 cup all-purpose (white) flour for 1 cup almond flour (1:1 substitution). But the quantity may vary depending upon the recipe.

    Why almond flour is bad for you?

    This can cause high spikes in blood sugar levels, followed by rapid drops, which can leave you tired, hungry and craving foods high in sugar and calories. Conversely, almond flour is low in carbs yet high in healthy fats and fiber

    Can I substitute nut flour for regular flour?

    Almond flour can be substituted for regular flour at a 1:1 ratio. It is important to note that almond flour may require more egg to bind the flour. Check out our almond flour recipe book here for more information on a specific recipe! 9 July 2021

    Can I replace flour with ground almonds?

    Ground almonds are flavoured and lubricated by nut oils, have coarser particles and do not contain gluten. This means that you cannot simply replace 225 of flour with 225g of ground almonds in a recipe and achieve comparable results. Bakes made with ground almonds will be denser, moister, crumblier and browner.

    Can I substitute walnut flour for all-purpose flour?

    However it is said to be best used for baked goods that are lightly colored. That is because the flour doesn't add any color to the baked goods. ... I also wouldn't recommend substituting walnut flour with this product because it also lacks the oomph. However you can substitute the cake flour with all-purpose flour .

    Can I replace flour with almond meal?

    When substituting:

    Here are a few pointers: If the recipe calls for wheat-based flour, try following a 1:2 ratio. So, if the recipe calls for 3/4 cup of all-purpose (AP) flour, use 1 1/2 cups of almond flour. ... If the recipe is already written for almond flour, you can substitute almond meal 1:1 .

    (Deutsch) Nussmehl
    (Français) Farine de noix
    (Italiano) farina di noci
    (Español) Harina de nueces
    (Português) Farinha de nozes
    (Nederlands) Notenmeel
    (Svenska) Nötmjöl
    (Norsk) Nøttemel
    (Български) Брашно от ядки
    (Magyar) Dióliszt
    (Română) Făină de nuci
    (Dansk) Nøddemel
    (日本語) ナッツ粉
    (العربية) دقيق الجوز
    (Čeština) Ořechová mouka
    (עברית) קמח אגוזים
    (한국어) 견과류 가루
    (Lietuvių) Riešutų miltai
    (Українська) Горіхове борошно
    (Eesti keel) Pähklijahu
    (Melayu) Tepung kacang
    (Latviešu) Riekstu milti
    (Filipino) harina ng nut
    (Türkçe) fındık unu
    (中文(简体)) 坚果粉