These sweet, juicy, aromatic and nutrient-rich fruits are some of the most delicious tropical fruits around. The green-yellow cone-shaped fruits growing on evergreen trees belong to the Annon family and the Annona genus 
Annona is a branched tree or shrub up to 3-8 meters high with greenish-yellow flowers 
- general characteristics
- Useful functions for the body
- Beneficial features
- How to choose and store Annona fruits
- How to prepare and serve fruit dessert
Annona fruits are irregularly oval or conical in shape with a dark green skin and polygonal depressions. The size of an average fruit is about 10 cm in diameter and about 15 cm in length, weight is about 350-500 g. True, some varieties give a larger harvest. Ripe fruits can be greenish to light brown. They are characterized by a sweet aroma, perceptible even from a distance. The ripe fruit is easily recognizable by its creamy pulp with smooth, shiny black seeds, which, like the rind of the annona, are inedible.
You should know that in nature there are about 166 species of annona, which, although they have a common characteristic, still differ in the appearance of trees and fruits, as well as in taste 
Annona reticulata L (cream apple) is also known as annona reticulum. This species with small smooth conical fruits grows mainly in India, Pakistan, some other regions of South Asia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia. Commercial cultivation of the fruit is practiced in Australia, South America, Asia, Spain, Italy and the USA (California).
The sugar apple (Annona squamosa L.) is easily recognizable by the smooth conical ridges on the surface of the fruit (carpels). It has a traditional Annona taste and aroma, is less fiber, but more seeds.
Atemoya (Annona atemoya) is a hybrid of cherimoya (Annona cherimola) and a sugar apple. Its feature is improved resistance to temperature conditions and moisture, which makes it possible to grow the tree in tropics.
Sour cream apple (Annona muricata L.), also known as annona prickly, graviola, guanabana or soussep. The fruit of the graviola tree has a tart taste, and in size is much larger than the parameters of cherimoya fruits.
Among other popular species of this exotic tree, annona smooth, Senegalese, variegated, sonkoya also stand out.
Sweet and fragrant, Annona fruit contains an impressive list of essential nutrients for the body, vitamins, antioxidants and minerals. The calorie content of the fruit is almost identical to that of mango - 75 kcal. It is free of saturated fat and cholesterol.
Annona fruits can be used as an excellent source of fiber (contains an average of 3-8% of the required daily value), which is necessary for the proper functioning of the intestines, the rapid elimination of carcinogens, toxins and toxins from the body. And also to lower cholesterol levels.
Most fruits contain antioxidant substances that have been found to have anti-cancer, anti-malarial and anthelmintic effects  
The balance of potassium and sodium contributes to the proper functioning of the cardiovascular system, regulates blood pressure. In addition, annona improves the functioning of the liver, nervous system, and also removes excess uric acid from the body.
|Folic acid||23 μg|
|Pantothenic acid||0.35 mg|
|Vitamin C||12.6 mg|
|Vitamin E||0.27 mg|
|Beta carotene||2 μg  |
Eating anonna fruit can improve human health  
Annona fruits are rich in vitamin C, which is essential for the functioning of the immune system. This nutritious fruit is a powerful natural antioxidant that helps the body resist infections and removes free radicals. Consequently, it develops the body's resistance to common diseases such as colds, flu, and also prevents infectious diseases 
Due to the high concentration of vitamin C, Annona fruits protect the body from all sorts of inflammatory processes.
The presence of potassium and sodium makes Annona a natural remedy for the regulation of blood pressure, heart rate. It turned out that these fruits are able to lower cholesterol levels, which means they can improve blood flow to the heart, prevent hypertension, heart attack, and stroke.
The high antioxidant content makes Annona trees useful in the fight against cancers  
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), which is one of the components in the chemical composition of these exotic fruits, improves brain function, controls the levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid, and therefore reduces irritability and depression. Headache of various origins, reduces the effects of stress and relieves nervous tension.
The fruit is also rich in calcium, an essential nutrient for maintaining bone health. Regular consumption of fruits can help prevent osteoporosis.
Fruits perform a cytoprotective function for the human body. Their extract increases the viability of body cells by releasing lactate dehydrogenase. High LDH levels indicate that the cell has survived trauma or illness.
As noted, these fruits are high in potassium, which is essential for the cardiovascular system. Annona contains many other minerals, including magnesium, sodium, zinc, manganese, and some sodium.
A medium-sized fruit can provide the body with about 5 grams of fiber, which is almost 90% of the daily value. Thanks to this, Annona is considered a remedy for constipation.
As you know, ascorbic acid is one of the many beneficial substances contained in the fruits of annona. Vitamin C makes these fruits very beneficial for maintaining healthy skin. Annona's unique chemical composition promotes wound healing, the production of collagen, which is necessary for the formation of new epidermal cells. Signs of aging, fine wrinkles and age spots are the result of free radicals on the body. The fruits of annona will also help to cope with this.
The antioxidant effect and the richness of the fruit with beneficial substances also have a positive effect on the health and appearance of hair. The presence of copper in Annona prevents premature gray hair.
The benefits of the fruit:
In addition to a long list of beneficial properties, these tasty and aromatic fruits, consumed in large quantities, can be dangerous for pregnant women, as they have abortive properties. And scientists from Latin America suggest that excessive interest in Annona increases the risk of Parkinson's disease   
In its natural habitat, the annona fruiting season lasts from November to May. It is at this time that it is worth buying the fruits. They should be intact, greenish-yellow in color, strong, of medium size. You can determine how ripe the fruit is by lightly pressing your finger (it should be soft).
At room temperature, the fruits deteriorate quickly. It is better to store whole fruits in the refrigerator, and put pureed or too juicy fruits in the freezer (so they can be stored for several weeks).
With its unique aroma and taste, these fruits are excellent desserts. They should be rinsed with cold water before use.
The easiest way to serve is to cut the fruit lengthwise and eat it, picking out the pulp with a spoon. Discard seeds and peel.
In addition, they can be used to prepare:
- fruit salads;
- fillers for dairy desserts or ice cream;
- fillings for pies.
This exotic fruit, slightly reminiscent of pineapple in appearance, confidently wins the hearts of people in different countries. As consumers learn about the benefits of this unusual fruit, the number of its fans only grows. And one has only to try it once - it is already impossible to forget this delicious taste.